July 1, 2014
Libraries were revolutionized when online public access catalogs did away with the old card catalog and made the entire collection available on the Internet. Libraries across the world soon got the idea to “dump” their catalogs in one big database. Worldcat.org was born and people can locate any book in any library that shares their catalog. Next came ebooks where people could download any book to a digital device for a fee and libraries caught on to with too. Enter Netflix, Hulu, Amazon Prime, and other streaming services and someone got the bright idea to apply the same business model to books.
Public libraries may be lamenting, but people who don’t mind paying a low nominal fee will enjoy unlimited books a month. The newest member to the downloadable entertainment service is Scribd:
“Scribd is your personal digital library, where you have unlimited access to the world’s largest collection of e-books and written works. Our premium subscription service offers over 400,000 books from over 900 publishers, including New York Times bestsellers, literary classics, groundbreaking non-fiction, and reader favorites in every genre. We also have millions of user-uploaded written works, from landmark court filings to academic papers from scholars around the world.”
Is this a good thing? Yes. It creates more competition for Amazon and gives readers more options to access books. Does it mean libraries will go away? No, people still want things for free. This is a great move for publishers and takes advantage of new platforms. Though there is nothing that can replace a good paperback.
June 12, 2014
The Washington Post blog The Switch interviewed the American Library Association’s Director of Government Relations Lynne Bradley in the article “Why The Death of Net Neutrality Would Be A Disaster For Libraries” about how libraries would be adversely affected without net neutrality. As public institutions with most of their resources online, libraries rely on free Web to serve their users and provide information. With budgets already stretched to their limits, libraries will not be able to afford to pay to ISPs. More people are going to the public libraries to have access to the Internet and other digital services. If that is taken away, not only will libraries suffer, but public education institutions will also suffer.
“In a way, not having a truly open Internet is like privatizing all of the Internet. Our nation was built on the concept of public schools, and public libraries are part of that, even the universal service fund at the FCC. These are part of our nation’s public policies that say as all educated, as all can have public libraries, as all can have public phone service, it’s best for the country as a whole.”
Libraries are at the forefront of how people consume information. Even if most of the resources are digital, the users represent a large percentage of people who go unnoticed when it comes to usage. While it’s safe to assume that everyone has Internet access, it needs to be taken into account how they connect. Raise the price of Internet access and it will harm those who need it most.
May 27, 2014
The debate over the future of libraries continues to rage. Will they even continue to exist? If they do, they will surely not continue on unchanged. This librarian wants to weigh in, and The Slate story, “What Will Become of the Library?” serves as a lovely backdrop for discussion.
First of all, yes, libraries will have to change. But libraries are poised to meet an increasingly large gap left by the digital divide (those who have internet access and those who don’t):
“Eventually, the Venn diagram of those who lack smartphones and those who lack homes may nearly overlap exactly. Libraries are well positioned to serve many of the needs of this demographic, the dispossessed of the digital age.”
Now, this is assuming that all things remain constant, and we know they definitely will not. There is no way to truly know how this will unravel. The decline of books is inevitable, but will proceed much more slowly than most folks predict. Most importantly, libraries will continue to exist if the community needs them to.
The article concludes:
“Libraries will only survive if the communities they serve want and need them to. It would be a tragedy of historic proportions if, for instance, the public library system that Carnegie endowed and inspired is dismantled in the coming decades, but it’s a real possibility. In the end, it’s up to us—scholars, makers, and artists, seekers of community, access, and safe haven, and above all, readers in the old, human sense of the word—to rise to the level of these monuments we’ve built.”
Well said. This librarian is optimistic.
Emily Rae Aldridge, May 27, 2014
May 7, 2014
It is interesting that no one thought of creating a public library entirely online until last year. There are many libraries and archives that have online components to their collections, but nothing matches the sheer volume found on the Digital Public Library of America. Arstechnica reports that “Digital Public Library Of America To Add Millions Of Records To Its Archive” with six partnerships, including the California Digital Library, the Montana Memory Project, Indiana Memory Project, the US Government Printing Office, Connecticut Digital Archive, and the J. Paul Getty Trust. Also the New York Public Library will increase its catalog items in the DPLA to over one million.
The DPLA is a platform that connects digital archives and libraries through one hub. DPLA allows its users to search through all its partners’ databases through one portal, think of it as Google sans advertisements and Web site results.
“In its first year, one of the DPLA’s most important goals has been to catalog and connect to as many digital works as possible. Ars caught up with [DPLA Executive Director Dan] Cohen again this year, and he told us that the organization has made it a priority to help public libraries digitize their works using a grant from the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation to advocate for putting resources online. “We are helping to train public librarians with the digital skills they will need for the twenty-first century and to participate in a large-scale digital project like DPLA,” Cohen wrote in an e-mail.
The DPLA also has several third party apps that help users take advantage of its immense wealth of knowledge. The best thing about the DPLA is that access to its items are entirely free! Researchers don’t have to worry about subscribing to a database or paying for to locate records. This is how research should be done everywhere!
April 4, 2014
The gloriously irreverent article on Gawker titled Japanese Tech Company to Digitize Vatican Library Archives provides insight into the project undertaken by “the chilliest pope” Pope Francis of digitizing the Vatican library archives. The archives extensive collection of documents will cost over 20 million dollars to transfer, and the work has already been started by Japanese tech company NTT Data. The article mentions that this is not the first instance of Japanese company aiding the Vatican. There is plenty of work to keep NTT Data busy. The article explains,
“The goal is to make all 82,000 of the Vatican library’s manuscripts available for browsing from the darkest corners of our digital world without ever having to board a plane. Some of the first documents to become available include “copies of works of classical Greek and Latin literature and mediaeval and Renaissance illuminated manuscripts.” Get your browsing fingers ready. Excitement abounds.”
Pope Francis has proved himself a more progressive pope by many of his actions, and this is a similar embrace of current cultural trends. Making the Vatican’s archives available to the general public sounds like a very democratic vision, contrasted with the stereotypical secretive atmosphere the Vatican is usually associated with. But is it all really progress? Perhaps that depends on the man himself.
Chelsea Kerwin, April 04, 2014
March 28, 2014
Looking for a book, any book? Head on over to Open Library, whose laudable goal is to provide “one web page for every book.” Though they have not reached that possibly unachievable aim, the many contributors have made a dent; the page hosts over 20 million documents. Open Library’s home page explains that, much like Wikipedia, the whole project is “open”—open software, open data, open documentation, and an invitation for anyone to “fix a typo, add a book, or write a widget.” The site’s About page explains:
“At its heart, Open Library is a catalog. The project began in November 2007 and has been inhaling catalog records from some of the biggest libraries in the world ever since. We have well over 20 million edition records online, provide access to 1.7 million scanned versions of books, and link to external sources like WorldCat and Amazon when we can. The secondary goal is to get you as close to the actual document you’re looking for as we can, whether that is a scanned version courtesy of the Internet Archive, or a link to Powell’s where you can purchase your own copy.”
How is this different from Project Gutenberg? Well, while Open Library strives to provide at the very least a link to every book in existence, Gutenberg seems content to host a mere 30,000 or so volumes. Part of what makes Open Library’s approach possible is the “borrow modern ebooks” option—users check out and relinquish access to digital copies of works still in copyright. The site pursues the rights to lend these books several ways. Some are contributed by the more-than-1,000 libraries participating in the In-Library Lending Program. There is also a smaller collection of about 11,000 ebooks contributed by the Internet Archive. Open Library also links to WorldCat and OverDrive.com to help users find any works not available in their expanding collection. Bookmark this one for the next time you need to find a book. Any book.
Cynthia Murrell, March 28, 2014
January 31, 2014
I’ll never forget the library at my former university. It was huge, and old, and full of treasures just waiting to be discovered. Often, when doing specific research, I’d steal a few moments to wander the stacks, pulling out books at near-random. The books’ different colors, textures, sizes, and degrees of wear piqued my curiosity, and I made a number of valuable, serendipitous discoveries. I’m sorry to report that such musty but magnificent experiences are now just a little closer to extinction. Slashdot announces to the “First U.S. Public Library with No Paper Books Opens in Texas.”
A user known as Cold Fjord writes:
“Bexar Country in Texas has opened a new $2.3 million library called BiblioTech. It doesn’t have physical books, only computers and e-reader tablets. It is the first bookless public library system in the U.S. The library opened in an area without nearby bookstores, and is receiving considerable attention. It has drawn visitors from around the U.S. and overseas that are studying the concept for their own use. It appears that the library will have more than 100,000 visitors by year’s end. Going without physical books has been cost effective from an architecture standpoint, since the building doesn’t have to support the weight of books and bookshelves.”
Ah well, I suppose it was just a matter of time. At least this development is good news for the trees.
Cynthia Murrell, January 31, 2014
January 14, 2014
The U.S. Library of Congress has enlisted the help of conversion-services firm Data Conversion Laboratory (DLC), we learn from “Library of Congress Signs Deal for Digital Content Services” at GCN. The firm will help implement standards for content in both the Library of Congress and the U.S. Copyright Office.
GCN editor Paul McCloskey tells us:
“The Copyright Office wants to set up a small number of standard formats, for itself and other institutions to preserve, ‘expand and maintain its collections as more and more journals are being published solely digital formats,’ DCL said. Since 2010, the U.S. Copyright Office has started to issue mandatory deposit requirements for files and metadata associated with electronic periodicals that are published online only and are to be added to the Library of Congress collection. DCL says it has met all of the Library’s specs in carrying the publishing mandates out, including having expertise with the PubMed Central Journal Article Tag Suite (JATS) specification for institutional repositories.”
Founded in 1981, Data Conversion Laboratory is a veteran in the digitization field. They pledge they can convert complex content from any format to any format, while offering related services like editorial support and conversion-project management. DCL is located in Fresh Meadows, New York.
Cynthia Murrell, January 14, 2014
December 17, 2013
The article titled Norway is Digitizing All Its Books and Making Them Free to Read on The Verge explains the effort by the National Library of Norway to make each and every book searchable and readable online for people with Norway IP addresses, this measure even for the oldest texts in the collection, which date back to the Middle Ages. The article states,
“It’s similar to the mass digitization efforts in the UK and Finland, but Norway has taken the extra step of making agreements with many publishers to allow anyone with a Norway IP address to access copyrighted material. The library owns equipment for scanning and text structure analysis of the books. It’s also adding metadata and storing the files in a database for easy retrieval.”
Begun in 2006, librarians have estimated that the entire project of digitizing will take between 20 and 30 years. It is questionable whether this online library will affront publishers, but in the article none are consulted. Much of the texts would no longer carry copyrights, like public records and historical documents, but the library also contains content of all media published. If Google was sued for merely trying to make books searchable online but not even supplying the entire contents of the texts, it seems likely that Norway will certainly face some opposition to their project.
Chelsea Kerwin, December XX, 2013
June 6, 2013
An information management firm specializing in library transformation, Soutron Global, recently hosted the webinar, “Transforming Libraries: What’s Required?” (PDF) The slideshow lays out four keys to successfully bringing an organization’s library into the 21st century. The introduction outlines the webinar:
“1. What is the governance ‘picture’ for sharing knowledge in your organization? Who owns the content?
2. Does your system allow for integrating this knowledge into the organizational workflow?
3. Can you and your team—with the tools you have—operate the specialized library as the company’s knowledge nexus?”
The presentation does share some good information; for example, it suggests beginning with a review of what is already in place before going forward. See the PDF for more. What caught our attention, though, is the telling factoid on slide 11. The presenters polled their audience, and tallied the results during the webinar:
“In your opinion, is your library prepared for meeting your company’s research demands for 2018 (five years from now)?
Poll Results (during the presentation):
Yes 18 percent
No 38 percent
Don’t Know 44 percent”
This means that 82 percent of those polled either don’t know about meeting the research demands in five years or don’t think their libraries can meet those future research demands. Wow. It seems those looking to move forward here have their work cut out for them.
Cynthia Murrell, June 06, 2013